Probably 40,000 years ago was made yidaki and is probably the oldest musical instrument in the world. Its origin it is shrouded in mystery and accompanied by a lot of myths. Aborigines says that yidaki on Earth is from the beginning, and its sound is the voice of the Earth.
It is a masculine instrument, into some tribes the women were forbidden playing the yidaki and participation in ceremonies. Elsewhere the women were allowed to play only on short didgeridoo 80cm length.
Didgeridoo was originally an instrument ceremonial north-Australian Aborigines, especially from the East Kimberley in Western Australia, and most areas of North Plains. Today it is widespread among the tribes almost throughout Australia.
Didgeridoo word was coined by the early settlers and is rather defining characteristic sound. In addition it is still at least 40 with Aboriginal names of the instrument, and each is appropriate.
The diversity of names associated with fluctuations in the dialect or language of the tribes of the region from which come didgeridoo.
The most commonly used names are yuulngu, yidaki, gunbarrk or ngarrriralkpwina which means playing on a stick.
Gunbarrk is also the name of a ritualstyle of play from center of the Arnhem land.
Mostly didgeridoo length ranges from 1 meter to 2.5M. These very long are used in the rites of Rainbow Snake and in some ceremonies associated with initiations and healing? Aborigines is not happy to share this knowledge.
Aborigines use for making yidaki, eucalyptus wood species Gardayka, Wandhuwa. Branches or stumps hollowed by termites and then also burned with charcoal or if necessary hollow by hand. Sometimes is add the mouthpiece of beeswax when the diameter of the pipe is too large to play.
Ritual instrument is usually decorated with ornaments. The complex artwork is painted with dots and outlines. Symbolize tribal or personal totems, illustrates the story have ritual meaning depending on the destination didgeridoo.

Item made of wood or stone, flat, oval, length 10-50 cm and ornamental. This is the thing which manifests the power of totemic spirit.
Aborigines believe that tjurunga one incarnation of ancestors.
Members of the tribe has its own tjurunga.
As the instrument is used in rituals, the sound based on the harmonic frequencies like the sound of wind gusts and is incredibly mystical.
The intensity and type of sound depends on the strength with which is spininng tjurunga.

Two pieces of hard wood struck by themselves produce characteristic sound.
Used as an accompaniment to the didgeridoo and singing.

Hand-tossed hunting weapon. Commonly used for at least 15,000 years.
Presumably the ancestor of the boomerang was a heavy curved stick that primary hunter threw flat on the ground to kill or stun prey. Probably by coincidence enabled the discovery that gnarled stick lighter thrown at a right angle, coming back. Since then there are two types of boomerangs:
- Not returning boomerangs, big and heavy used for fighting and hunting larger animals.
- Returning boomerangs used primarily for hunting birds-thrown into the air could kill even a few pieces at once, and with inaccurate throw returned to the hunter :)
Skillfully thrown boomerang develops speeds of up to 100km / h.

Thrower spears greatly accelerating their flight. Aborigines have used woomera also for other purposes as a chisel, cutlery, hoe ect.

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